Throughout the ages Muslims have been involved in public service through waqf property. After the Abbasi Caliphate, during the Ottoman Caliphate, the trend of waqf also expanded. Utilization of global waqf assets provides an opportunity to alleviate poverty and stand by the helpless.
The Hasaki Sultan Building is the famous kitchen in Jerusalem from where more than five hundred people are served free food every day. It was established in 1552 by Haseki Hurrem Sultan, the beloved wife of Sulaiman I, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, as part of the vast waqf complex.
The Sultan Hasaki Waqf Complex was built during the heyday of the Ottoman Empire. The complex has a public kitchen, a mosque, 55-room restrooms for pilgrims and accommodation for travelers. With the approval of the Sultan, revenue from various resources was used to build and operate huge service establishments. It also included many installations in Palestine and Tripoli.
It was also directed to add to the waqf property a portion of the revenue collected before the huge waqf was set up. Revenue from the villages of Bait Dajan, Yajur, Kafr Ana, Lud, Anaba and Jib was paid for the Hesseki Sultan Imrat Complex. The charitable activities of the Haseki Sultan Emirate alone did not meet the needs of Islamic charity. Rather it helps to create a liberal position and a strong political position of the Ottoman Empire in the society.
An orderly council was formed to conduct social services through the Sultan Hasaki Waqf. Administrators and employees are appointed. Moreover, the helpless-poor class of the society is also determined. Members of the local aristocratic family usually served as administrators. Originally, they used to employ various employees in the management of huge waqfs. Moreover, they also determined the order of distribution of food in the waqf complex, the amount and time of food.
We know that quality education cannot be expected to depend on a single subject. This requires integrated and effective management and operation of many components. The elements that need to be properly coordinated for quality education are – modern and up-to-date curriculum, adequate number of qualified and trained teachers, necessary teaching materials and physical infrastructure, proper teaching-learning method, appropriate evaluation method, continuous monitoring etc. In order to achieve quality at all levels of education, it is important to formulate future budgets and plans and set policies in the light of the following recommendations.
After receiving education at any level, it is necessary to ensure that a job seeker can be associated with the desired employment quickly. In order to ensure that no one who is educated does not have to be unemployed, it has become necessary to make necessary additions and subtractions in the syllabus in line with employment. If the various subjects directly related to the Fourth Industrial Revolution were given due importance in higher education, teachers could be brought under continuous training; If the whole process of education can be enriched, then we will get the benefits of higher rates of higher education. All that needs to be done to improve the quality of education is to take all the necessary steps in time.
Significant changes have to be made to the curriculum over the years, an ongoing process. However, it must be noted that this change is meaningful. We need to ensure that our students do not lag behind in keeping pace with the changing world. We have limitations in our natural resources. In this situation, we need to build our students in such a way that they can lead in the field of knowledge in the future. Otherwise, it may be difficult to reach the desired goal of high income in Bangladesh.
The crisis of morality এটি it is now considered a major problem all over the world. We need to place special emphasis on moral education at different levels of institutional education. Bangladesh, India and other countries in the East have a tradition of practicing advanced morality, which is acclaimed all over the world. There is a growing tendency among people to be self-centered. Due to various reasons, the interest in the practice of morality has decreased. It’s a matter of concern. High
Appropriate importance should be given from the pre-primary level so that children can be well acquainted with ethics and advanced values. All the senior members of the family, including the parents, should be vigilant so that the child can be acquainted with high morals and advanced values before the start of formal education.
Initiatives should be taken to acquaint the students with computer technology at the primary level of education. Hopefully, many steps have already been taken in this regard. In addition, initiatives should be taken to acquaint the students with other essential technologies of modern living. Children in developed countries have access to various modern technologies, including computers, before they go to school at an early age. Although not so in our country, nowadays many well-to-do families and knowledgeable people try to acquaint children with modern technology and knowledge. But children from a limited number of families get such opportunities. Necessary steps have to be taken keeping this in mind.
Special emphasis is placed on Zhang in the United States education system. J means Science, J means Technology, A means English, C means Mathematics. No matter which department a student studies in, he has to master these four subjects seriously. In today’s world it is impossible to imagine life without technology. For that, every young student needs to have an idea about the basic aspects of computer science, artificial intelligence, genetic engineering.
In today’s world everyone knows why a student needs to become proficient in English. Being a mother tongue, students in the United States have a special advantage in learning English. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person. In China, Japan and Korea, the importance of acquiring proficiency in English is widely discussed. We will think, imagine, dream in our mother tongue; However, in order to increase communication with the world, it is not necessary to lag behind in the languages that need to be developed.
Mathematics is called the mother of science. Not only this, with the help of mathematics you can do philosophy. 2500 years ago Plato’s school had a good system of studying science; The practice of mathematics was also given special importance there. The practice of mathematics made great strides 5,000 years ago in various countries of the East. In this case, India can be mentioned as an example. Scientific research has now reached such a high level that the human brain and artificial intelligence work together to find a way out of a problem. Therefore, if such important basic information is presented in the story, they can grow up and show more interest in space research.
Discussions about the Fourth Industrial Revolution are now confined to higher education. This trend may continue for some time to come. In the next few days, these discussions will no longer be limited to the level of higher education. A lot of information on this subject will be considered as general knowledge. If we want to maximize the benefits of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, we need to start a relevant discussion of knowledge from the earliest stages of education. One of the main messages of the discussion of knowledge in this regard is that there should be no division in the practice of knowledge. The benefits of the Fourth Industrial Revolution cannot be imagined without the integrated practice of knowledge.
Various studies have shown that the standard of competence at all levels of the education system in Bangladesh is not at the desired level. On the contrary, we need to take effective steps to reduce waste and increase efficiency. These skills and waste must be prevented so that the present and future generations can be transformed into real human resources through quality education;
Evaluation and examination methods need to be reformed so that all aspects of the student’s personality i.e. health, behavior, expression, values, creativity, etc. are considered and decision making process based on data collection techniques and specialized results is possible;
The syllabus should be according to the needs, age, talent and acceptance of the student without burdening him unnecessarily. Socio-economic and political condition of the country, long cherished heritage, culture, culture, religious consciousness, faith
And the curriculum should be designed keeping in view the positive changes in the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the students by developing moral values, and if necessary, the existing curriculum should be narrowed down;
Ensuring special arrangements for weak or less gifted students or overcoming their weaknesses through separate coaching in schools. At the same time, stipends or special scholarships should be arranged for all students irrespective of children;
In our country, the selection of students’ subjects is completely managed and controlled according to the wishes and preferences of parents, schools or teachers. What a student wants to be in the future, or what he wants to study, must be given priority to the student’s choice or opinion. It will instill respect for the subject he is reading, so that he will concentrate on the lessons, be satisfied with the lessons learned, and achieve the expected results;
The most important element for quality education is quality teachers. In order to improve the quality of education, it is necessary to appoint quality teachers with good educational qualifications. Basic and thematic training for all teachers, on-the-job training for working teachers and revitalization courses every five years must be provided and at the same time teachers must be guaranteed their basic rights and professional freedom with adequate pay to ensure their proper status;
Emphasis should be placed on revitalization, term / basic training of teachers in SAARC countries like India, Sri Lanka and developed countries. Co-curricular activities need to be arranged in teacher training. It is necessary to issue a policy or circular to the effect that all teachers must receive professional training within a specified period of time;
Skilled and trained manpower is the key to national development. As a result of new discoveries and innovations in the development of science and technology, development strategies and methods are changing rapidly. In order to keep pace with this, our students must be given the opportunity of self-employment through technical and vocational professions and make it compulsory as a school subject; In ensuring quality education, a reasonable teacher-student ratio is crucial. The presence of more than a hundred students in front of a teacher in a large classroom is easily predictable. Therefore, in the case of test results, there is an inevitable catastrophe. Therefore, the teacher-student ratio should be kept within a reasonable range, which is 1:30 for primary level, 1:40 for lower secondary, secondary and higher secondary level and 1 for higher education: Not more than 25. It is necessary to closely monitor the quality of training imparted at the cost of billions of rupees of foreign loans every year and the extent to which the training is being implemented at the school or college level. At the same time, measures need to be taken to overcome potential obstacles in the application of trained knowledge, vision and skills at the school level.
The actual funding for education in the country is insufficient and the actual allocation is 2.5 per cent of the total GDP. It is not possible to make up for the loss of Covid-19 supermarket with the conventional budget this year. Corona is disrupting the normal education of more than 4 crore students across the country. Its damage is extensive and far-reaching. It is important for us to make up for this loss in the coming financial year. Analysis of the data obtained clearly shows that due to corona, the income of parents of students from poor families has decreased, these children are suffering from malnutrition. The trend of child marriage and falling due to corona is increasing. Child labor is also on the rise. In order to prevent this catastrophe in education, at least 15 percent of the total budget must be allocated to the education sector. In addition, the UNESCO Delores Commission report recommended that 25 percent of the total foreign aid received from developing countries be spent on education. Bangladesh has to abide by it. If the recommendations in this regard are properly implemented, the quality and quantity of education will be balanced and integrated.
At the same time, there is no alternative to increasing the budget allocation in the education sector to ensure the desired quality of education, modern and up-to-date curricula, diversification of subjects, unveiling new horizons in science and technology and ensuring world class research activities in higher education institutions and universities. To this end, the University Grants Commission and the government can take joint multi-dimensional initiatives to consolidate the position of the country’s universities in the regional and global rankings and to increase the budget allocation for higher education in the national budget to ensure the implementation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Only then will Bangladesh be able to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 and join the ranks of developed nations by 2041. This should be the expectation of Mujibvarsh in the field of education and research.