June 18, 2021

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Myanmar in the face of civil war

Four months have passed since the military coup overthrew the elected government in Myanmar. On February 1, the army seized power in the country. Earlier, ministers and leaders of the elected government, including the country’s pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, were arrested. The people of the country have been protesting against this from the very beginning and demanding democracy.

Security forces opened fire on protesters, killing at least 633 people. Indiscriminate attacks and repression by the army are going on. As a result, anti-junta protests have taken the form of armed resistance.

According to a report in The Guardian of the United Kingdom, there are fears of a civil war in Myanmar. Various groups are taking up arms to defend themselves in the face of drawn-out military violence.

Sasa, a spokesman for the National Unity Government (NUG), a shadow government formed by rejecting the junta government, issued a similar warning. Sasa said the people of Myanmar have no choice now. Arbitrary junta raids, arrests, torture and killings have pushed people to take up arms. This is just the beginning. But the situation will get out of control. Even if there is a man in a village, they will not bow down before the murderers. That means the whole country is now heading towards civil war. The unity government has also formed its own army against the junta.

Many ethnic groups in Myanmar’s border areas have been fighting the country’s military for decades for greater autonomy. After the military coup, several groups of ordinary people at the grassroots level joined the armed resistance against the junta. As a result, fighting is now raging in areas of the country that were previously peaceful. Fighting is raging in the western Kayah state between the old rebel group Kareni Army and the newly formed Kareni People’s Defense Force (KPDF). Thousands have fled the area in the past few weeks. The KPDF told Myanmar Now, a local media outlet, that on Monday, the army dropped bombs and fired on civilian fighters from helicopters. “We attacked them with light weapons, and they responded with lethal weapons,” said a member of the force.