25 June 1975, this day is called the most unfortunate day of the country in the history of Indian democracy. 46 years ago on this day, the people of the country heard an announcement on the radio and the news spread in the country that now emergency has been declared all over India. After 46 years, even though a dignified picture of the country’s democracy is being spread all over the world, but even today in the past, the day of June 25 is recorded as a dark chapter of democracy.
Between 25 June 1975 and 21 March 1977, a 21-month state of emergency was imposed in the country. The then President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed declared emergency in the country under Article 352 of the Indian Constitution on the recommendation of the government led by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The first emergency was imposed in the country with the signing of the then President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed in the intervening night of 25 June and 26 June. The next morning the whole country heard the message in Indira’s voice on the radio, ‘Brothers and sisters, Rashtrapatiji has declared a state of emergency. There is no reason to panic.
arrest of leaders
With the declaration of emergency, the fundamental rights of all citizens were suspended. Not only the right to expression, people also did not have the right to life. From the night of June 25, the round of arrests of opposition leaders had started in the country. Big leaders like Jaiprakash Narayan, LK Advani, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, George Fernandes etc. were put in jail. There was no space left in the prisons.
censorship of the press
After the Emergency, there were stories of heavy harassment by the administration and the police. Censorship was also imposed on the press. Censor officers were placed in every newspaper, only after his permission could any news be published. There could be an arrest for publishing anti-government news. All this came to a halt when the elections were announced on 23 January 1977 in the month of March.
Became the Prime Minister of the country after the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri Indira Gandhi Due to some reasons the conflict with the judiciary started. This conflict formed the background of the Emergency. The Supreme Court’s decision on February 27, 1967, for the Emergency, prepared a great background. In one case, a division bench headed by Chief Justice Subbarao of the Supreme Court, in a majority judgment of seven versus six judges, had held that even with a two-thirds majority in Parliament, the provision of fundamental rights should not be waived through any constitutional amendment. So they can not be eliminated nor can they be limited.
Indira Gandhi had led her party to an unprecedented victory in the 1971 election and herself won by a large margin. Questioning Indira Gandhi’s victory herself, her election rival Rajnarayan had approached the court in 1971. Rajnarayan, who contested the Rae Bareli Lok Sabha seat in front of Indira Gandhi as a candidate of the United Socialist Party, had alleged in his petition that Indira Gandhi had used unfair means to win the election. The matter was heard and Indira Gandhi’s election was annulled. Angered by this decision, Indira Gandhi decided to impose emergency.
declaration of emergency
Indira Gandhi had become so angry that the very next day she recommended the imposition of emergency without a formal cabinet meeting to the President, which was signed by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed on the intervening night of June 25 and 26, and this In this way the first emergency was imposed in the country.
Maneka was with Sanjay at every step in emergency
The late RK, who was the private secretary of Indira Gandhi. Dhawan had said that there was no doubt or remorse in the minds of Sonia and Rajiv Gandhi about the emergency. What’s more, Maneka Gandhi knew everything related to emergency and was with her husband Sanjay Gandhi at every step. She cannot claim to be innocent or unknown. The late RK Dhawan had disclosed this in an interview given to a news channel.
Bengal CM had advised to impose emergency
Dhawan had told that the then CM of West Bengal SS Rai had advised Indira Gandhi to impose emergency in January 1975 itself. The emergency plan was made long in advance. Dhavan had pointed out that the then President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed had no objection to signing the proclamation for imposition of emergency. He was ready for it immediately. Dhavan had also told how during the Emergency, a meeting of Chief Ministers was called and he was instructed to prepare a list of those members of the RSS and the leaders of the opposition who are to be arrested. Similar preparations were made in Delhi also.
Indira was ready to resign
Dhavan had said that the Emergency was not imposed to save Indira’s political career, but she herself was ready to resign. When Indira heard the Allahabad High Court order canceling her election in June 1975, her first reaction was to resign and she got her resignation written. He said that the resignation letter was typed but it was never signed. This happened because his cabinet colleagues came to meet him and everyone insisted that he should not resign.