- Ajit Singh was born on 23 February 1881 in Jalandhar, Punjab.
- Ajit Singh was the uncle of Shaheed Bhagat Singh, he had a special influence on Bhagat
- ‘Turban handle Jatta’ movement launched against peasant laws in 1907
- Ajit Singh breathed his last on 15 August 1947 at the dawn of independence.
There were many immortal revolutionaries in the freedom struggle of the country who gave freedom to the country by sacrificing their lives. However, very limited revolutionaries and agitators were given place in our education system, due to which very few people are aware of them. One such revolutionary was Sardar Ajit Singh… Ajit Singh was born on 23 February 1881 in Khatkar Kalan village of Jalandhar, Punjab. Shaheed Bhagat Singh’s father Kishan Singh was his elder brother.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh was influenced by his uncle Ajit Singh
After doing his early studies from Jalandhar, Sardar Ajit Singh did his further studies from the Law College in Bareilly. During his studies, he became actively involved in the freedom struggle of India and left his law studies midway. Ajit Singh and his family were greatly influenced by Arya Samaj and it also affected Bhagat Singh. Ajit Singh was one of the first agitators in Punjab who openly challenged the British rule. He also laid the foundation of revolution for his nephew Bhagat Singh.
Ajit Singh was very impressed with Bal Gangadhar Tilak
After leaving law studies, Ajit Singh was introduced to Bal Gangadhar Tilak in the year 1906 and he was very impressed with him. Kishan Singh and Ajit Singh founded the Bharat Mata Society and started publishing anti-British books. In his article ‘The First Rise of Punjab in the Freedom Struggle’, Bhagat Singh wrote, ‘The youths who were particularly attracted to Lokmanya (Balgangadhar Tilak) included some Punjabi youths. Two such Punjabi jawans were my father Kishan Singh and my respected uncle Sardar Ajit Singh ji.
Father of ‘Turban Handle Jatta’ movement
In the year 1907, the British government brought three anti-farmer laws, against which farmers across the country expressed their displeasure. The maximum protest took place in Punjab and Sardar Ajit Singh stepped forward and gave voice to this protest. He united the farmers of Punjab and held meetings from place to place. Lala Lapjat Rai was also invited to these meetings. In the Lyallpur meeting of March 1907, Lala Banke Dayal, who left the police job and joined the movement, recited a poem titled ‘Turban Sambhal Jatta’. Later this poem became so popular that the name of that peasant movement was named ‘Turban Sambhal Jatta Andolan’.
British government bowed down, withdrew all three anti-farmer laws
During this one year, the echo of the speeches of Sardar Ajit Singh started piercing the ears of the British government. The British government was looking for an opportunity to pacify Sardar Ajit Singh and he got this opportunity on 21 April 1907. In a meeting in Rawalpindi, Ajit Singh gave such a speech, which was considered by the British government as a rebel and seditious speech. A case was registered against him under section 124-A of the IPC. Although the effect of the movements was that the British government withdrew all three laws, but put Lala Lajpat Rai and Ajit Singh in Burma’s Mandalay jail for six months.
Lokmanya Tilak crowned Ajit Singh as ‘King of farmers’
After leaving Mandalay Jail, Ajit Singh went to attend the Surat Congress held in December 1907, where Lokmanya Tilak crowned Ajit Singh as the ‘King of the farmers’. Apart from the farmers’ movement, Ajit Singh also held protests against the Punjab Colonization Act and the increase in the price of water.
Revolving around Iran and around the world united the revolutionaries
After this Sardar Ajit Singh went to Iran with his fellow revolutionary Sufi Amba Prasad and stayed there for the next two years and engaged in revolutionary activities. Together, both of them raised many more agitators like Rishikesh Letha, Jia ul Haq, Thakur Das Dhuri. After this, he organized revolutionaries by roaming in different parts of the world like Rome, Geneva, Paris, Rio de Janeiro. In the year 1918, he came in contact with the Ghadar Party in San Francisco and worked with them for many years. After returning to Europe in 1939, he also helped Subhas Chandra Bose in Italy.
He breathed his last after seeing the morning of freedom
By the year 1946, the road to India’s independence was getting clear. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru spoke to Ajit Singh and called him back to India. After staying in Delhi for some time, he moved to Dalhousie in Himachal Pradesh. Finally the morning of 15 August 1947 came for which he fought for so many years, in the way of freedom he lost his nephew Bhagat too… It was over. Sardar Ajit Singh died at the age of 66 on the day of India’s independence. A mausoleum has been built in his memory at Panjpula in Dalhousie, which is now a famous tourist destination.