September 23, 2021

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The first rebel Maharaja of Bhojpur, Fateh Sahi

 

Munna K. Pandey

‘Aisan Veer Na Sunli Kane / Jaane Mein Na Nahin Janail.’ – In 1765 AD, when Shah Alam was handed over to Diwani Englishman of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa, then the collector of Saran, Fateh Bahadur Sahi of Hussepur (Gopalganj district of Bihar) The demand of revenue from Kylus Aakara to accept the subordination of the company is also said. Fateh Bahadur Sahi I Dunu refused to obey. In this area of ​​Saran province, Fateh Bahadur Sahi kept fighting with the British for about twenty three years, when Kabo stood directly in front, Kabo in a guerrilla manner. The company collapsed after destroying the fort of Hussepur. Then Fateh Sahi’s rebellion continued uninterruptedly by taking shelter in the forest of Bankjogini adjoining Hussepur. Later, Fateh Sahi continued to challenge the British power by establishing his own state in Tamkuhiraj of today’s UP. Pro. Manager Pandey wrote that O time ago the Englishmen kept writing that the troubles of Hamni’s Peshwa are new and troubled by the Fateh Bahadur Sahi of Hamani. Quoting from the copy of the letter sent by Isaac Rose, Simon Rose, Iman and Lieutenant Erskine of the East India Company dated June 14, 1775, Warren Hastings and his advisory committee wrote in a letter to the people – ‘…Fateh Bahadur Sahi Tallukdar Havan of Hussepur State. He rebelled against the company government and refused to explicitly from Bethal Baran and Tax Debe in Dihle Baran. Historian Ramlakhan Shukla became the first mass revolt against the Company Raj of India by the Fateh Sahi rebellion. In 1781, after being stricken by a warrior, Warren Hastings and Edward Wheeler signed Ago Parwana Nikal Jaime I Zikr Baje Fateh Sahi’s catcher and gave a reward of twenty thousand rupees.

Despite the announcement of getting such a huge amount in reward for the capture of Maharaja Fateh Sahi, the British could neither catch nor beat him. Besi your patriotic king with the general public reward. There are few examples of such a popular king in history.

Although Maharaja’s cousin Babu Basant Sahi sided with the British against his elder, Maharaja Fateh Sahi beheaded his brother Basant Sahi as a punitive action against his elders. Along with this, the tax superintendent of Raja Angregan, Mir Jamal was also murdered. On this incident, ‘Mir Jamal Vadh’ section of Kuldeep Narayan Rai clashes with poetry – ‘Fatehsahi Veer Lakh Mein / Ek Alone Lakh Samaan / Jaise Baaz Jhapat Mare / Jhaptsu, Dpatsu Karsu Pyaan’.

Ego examples of Fateh Sahi’s rebellion The attack on the British Cantonment Area Line Bazaar located in Bada Gopalganj, Jaime Ago estimated that about two hundred Britishers were killed. After such a huge loss to the company with limited resources and small artillery, the sub-officer Patna Militia fled from the area. Seeing the role of the Sanyasi rebellion in the history of Saran district, but Hamani came to know that the support of the monks was also being found in the Fateh Sahi rebellion.

Even in the Chet Singh rebellion of Banaras, the fighting skills of Maharaja Fateh Sahi remained the most prominent. In front of Fateh Sahi’s valor, in 1781, after the escape of Hastings from Banaras, the song has become popular in the folk – ‘Hoda on horse, Jean on elephant / Warren histin on run Chunar.’

Today we are celebrating the nectar festival of freedom of the people of Gopalganj, the youth of Gopalganj, the hero of freedom, the glorious history of India, the year of sacrifice and sacrifice, not only the year of his sacrifice, but unfortunately forgotten in an unfortunate manner.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed above are those of the author.