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Dengue Fever Explainer: Don’t be afraid of Dengue! Symptoms, tests and prevention, important tips for you

 

Curated bySudhakar Singh | navbharattimes.com | Updated: Sep 11, 2021, 1:34 PM

Dengue Fever News The cases of dengue and viral fever are increasing. In such a situation, it is important for you to know what are its symptoms and how to prevent the disease. Let us know the important information related to dengue fever.

 Dengue Fever Explainer: Don't be afraid of Dengue!  Symptoms, tests and prevention, important tips for you

Lucknow/Chandigarh
Dengue cases have increased rapidly from Firozabad in UP to Palwal in Haryana. Experts believe that the havoc of dengue is increasing due to the D-2 strain. You shouldn’t be too worried though. It is not difficult to beat this disease with timely testing and treatment. Let us know some important things related to dengue symptoms, tests and treatment.

What is dengue and d2 strain
Dengue is a type of viral fever. It is a viral disease that is spread by the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito (female). Dengue mosquito bites mostly during the day. There are four types of dengue fever. Of these, the D-2 strain is considered very dangerous. Due to the grip of this strain, any person gets sick very fast. Sometimes it is even fatal. Doctors also refer to it as dengue shock syndrome. In this, the blood pressure of a patient suffering from fever suddenly decreases. This can also lead to the death of the patient.

 

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How is dengue spread
Aedes mosquitoes that spread dengue breed rapidly in stagnant water. Cooler water should be changed from time to time. The post-rainy season is the main reason for the spread of these mosquitoes. Aedes mosquitoes lay eggs in open and clean water. They lay eggs in temperatures around 16 °C. Along with this, dengue mosquitoes can reach any height by lift and other means and spread the disease by laying eggs there.

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what symptoms emerge
Common flu-like symptoms emerge in dengue. These symptoms can last for 2 to 7 days. Dengue mosquito bites the disease completely in 4 to 10 days. Initially the symptoms include headache, pain behind the eyes, nausea, vomiting, bone or muscle pain, rashes. If not treated properly, then this common dengue becomes serious. It can cause problems like abdominal pain, vomiting blood, fast breathing, bleeding gums. Apart from this, in DHF (Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever), the patient may have a red rash on the body, blood in the nose, gums and urine, and mild itching. In such a situation, there should not be any delay in taking medical advice immediately to the hospital.

 

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what test to do
The symptoms of dengue are similar to those of viral fever and malaria. Because of this, many times the symptoms are not recognized properly. The most reliable test to detect dengue is the ELISA test. Its result is 100% correct. At the same time, there are two types of tests in ELISA – IgM and IgG. IgM test should be done within 3 to 5 days after the symptoms of dengue are detected. At the same time, the life of IgG test is 5 to 10 days. At the same time, in most cases of dengue, doctors first recommend antigen blood test (NS1). NS1 test is done within five days after symptoms appear. It gives good results in the initial days. But this test is not effective when the symptoms of dengue increase. According to doctors, this test should be done within five days of showing symptoms.

 

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how is the treatment
There is no vaccine or medicine to prevent dengue. In this too, the symptoms are treated like Kovid. In such a situation, treatment should be done only after consulting a doctor. In this the patient needs adequate rest. Apart from this, fluids should be taken in more quantity. One must drink at least 12 glasses of water throughout the day. Along with this, buttermilk, coconut water and lemonade should also be taken from time to time.

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how important are platelets
In almost every fever, the number of platelets inside the blood decreases. There are 2.5 to 3 lakh platelets in the body of a normal person. Whereas in dengue this number falls very fast. If this number falls below 10 thousand then the situation can become serious. However, low platelets are not a cause for concern. During treatment, care must be taken that the patient’s body temperature does not rise.

 

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Is the one who has dengue safe?
There are four strains of dengue. In such a situation, if you have been infected with one strain, then do not misunderstand that the other strain cannot infect. Usually the second attack of dengue is considered more dangerous. In such a situation, it is important to prevent mosquitoes from breeding and protect yourself.

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