The Ministry of Education and the UGC have set minimum qualifications for all public universities in the country. In order to appoint lecturers in different departments, the result of both undergraduate and postgraduate examinations of the candidate should be CGPA-3.25 to 3.50. Candidates can be selected on the basis of interviews by shortlisting the candidates through written test as required for appointment to this post.
Currently most universities only recruit on the basis of interviews.
In addition to the results of the undergraduate and postgraduate examinations for the appointment of assistant professors, associate professors and professors, it has also been stated how much teaching experience and minimum publications should be required for different periods. There are various such rules for recruitment of teachers in the guidelines for setting minimum qualifications in the formulation of up-to-date policies for recruitment and promotion of teachers in public universities. It has also fixed the rules for promotion of teachers.
Publication of uniform recruitment guidelines. In order to appoint a lecturer, the candidate must have CGPA-3.25 to 3.50 in both the undergraduate and postgraduate examinations.
Opportunity to appoint a distinguished professor from home and abroad to the post of ‘Distinguished Professor’ on contract basis.
After several years of discussion and criticism, the Ministry of Education sent it to the University Grants Commission (UGC) for approval a few days ago. Professor Dil Afroza Begum, a member of the UGC, told Prothom Alo that now the universities can determine more qualifications if they want, but in no way can they appoint someone less qualified than these guidelines.
At present, undergraduate and postgraduate degrees as well as secondary and higher secondary results are given importance in teacher recruitment. But the new guidelines do not say anything about the results of secondary and higher secondary. In this regard, a member of UGC told Prothom Alo that they have left out the results of secondary and higher secondary education on the basis of discussion. Because, undergraduate and postgraduate results are important for becoming a teacher.
Short list of candidates through written test and selection through interview.
In addition, the new guidelines have provided for the appointment of eminent local and foreign professors in the universities on the basis of contract.
UGC officials said that the minimum qualification has been fixed for the recruitment of qualified teachers in the universities. Because, for so long, public universities have been hiring teachers on their own merits. This shows that in many cases the university administration fixes the qualifications at its own convenience. The UGC’s investigation has revealed that some vice-chancellors are even relaxing their appointments to appoint their relatives. Due to these reasons, many times ineligible candidates are also becoming teachers.
At present there are 49 public universities in the country. There are 15 thousand 524 teachers in total.
Qualifications required for recruitment
To become a lecturer in the departments of Science, Social Sciences, Business Education and Law in the universities, the candidate must have a minimum CGPA of 4 in both undergraduate and postgraduate examinations. And in the departments of humanities faculty, one of the undergraduate and postgraduate students must have a minimum of 3.50 and the other must have a minimum of 3.25.
Although MPhil or PhD degree is considered as additional qualification, undergraduate and postgraduate qualification will not be relaxed due to this reason.
At present, one can become a teacher with a four-year bachelor’s degree. Under the new guidelines, teachers in the engineering faculty departments must have undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in recruitment. Graduates must have a minimum of 3.50 in CGPA-4. In the field of architecture, however, it will be a little less.
Must have CGPA-3.50 in five year DVM or equivalent examination in undergraduate and postgraduate or related faculty or department in Agriculture and Agricultural University. However, students who are in the top 10 in the merit list for graduation or DVM or equivalent examination will be eligible to apply for the post of lecturer.
Universities that currently employ undergraduate graduates as lecturers will be able to do so for the next two years under the existing rules. However, after two years, this opportunity will no longer exist.
Recruitment to the post of Assistant Professor requires educational qualifications as well as a minimum of three years of active teaching experience at the university level as a lecturer.
However, in case of MPhil degree holders, two years as a lecturer and in case of PhD degree holders, one year teaching experience is required. And must have at least three publications in a recognized journal (peer review). In order to be appointed as an Associate Professor, the Assistant Professor must have 12 years of active teaching experience with a minimum of seven years. This experience will be relaxed for MPhil and PhD degree holders. Candidates must have six publications in a recognized journal. For appointment to the post of Professor (Grade-3), one has to have 22 years of teaching experience with a minimum of 10 years as an Associate Professor. Here also MPhil and PhD degree holders will get a discount. And there should be a total of 12 publications.
If the candidate has the result of the traditional method at the time of recruitment, he should have first class in both undergraduate and postgraduate examinations. Educational qualifications for teachers working in universities can be relaxed where applicable.
Opportunity to hire on contract
According to the policy of UGC, eminent professors from home and abroad can be appointed as ‘Distinguished Professors’ on contract basis. New and specialized cosmology
Teachers working or retired in domestic and foreign universities can be recruited on contract basis. Even a subject matter expert or researcher can be hired as a ‘Distinguished Expert’ on contract. There is currently no such opportunity.
Professor ASM Maksud Kamal, Vice-Chancellor of Dhaka University and former President of Bangladesh University Teachers Association Federation, was also present at the discussion. Mentioning that there are several good aspects in the guideline, he said in the first light, if this guideline is implemented as a whole, the path of higher education of the country will move forward. However, this is not the only way to advance higher education. Higher education needs to be taken forward by further motivating teachers in research and expanding their higher education system abroad and ensuring academic and administrative transparency and integrity.