Success is generally considered to be the attainment of the desired object in worldly life. But in the eyes of Islam, success is not limited to material gain, it is not limited to worldly life; Rather, in the eyes of Islam, the ultimate success of man is to attain security in this world and liberation in the Hereafter by gaining the pleasure of Allah.
Islam is the bridge between this world and the hereafter
Islam has built a bridge between the earthly and the supernatural life of man. As a measure of success, both speak of safety and liberation in life. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘A successful person is one who has embraced Islam, has earned a living, and is satisfied with what Allaah has given him (in this worldly life).’ (Saheeh Muslim, Hadith: 1054)
In another hadith, Irshad said, “The good news is that the person has been guided to Islam, he had a sufficient livelihood and he was satisfied with it.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 2349)
The three pillars of security and success
In these two hadiths, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has mentioned three pillars of success in human life. That is, embracing Islam, living comfortably and being satisfied with what Allah has given.
One. The good fortune of faith and Islam: In the eyes of the Prophet, the first pillar of success is the good fortune of faith and Islam. Faith means believing in the religion brought by Allah and His Messenger. And Islam is to implement it in life. In the Holy Qur’an, it has been said, “Good tidings and good consequences for those who believe and do good deeds.” (Surah Rad, verse 29)
Two. Ease of living: A prosperous and secure life is a special grace of God. Although Islam forbids avoiding luxuries in worldly life and earning money on one’s back, it has encouraged one to earn enough to meet one’s needs. So that the misery of life does not force him to turn away from the remembrance of Allah and engage in unrighteous deeds. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘At sunrise and sunset two angels come and they announce, which hears all the creatures of the earth except man and jinn. They said, “O people, come to your Lord.” Because what is small but sufficient to meet the need is better than what is more and turns away from Allah. ‘(Musnad Ahmad, Hadith: 21621)
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed for his family, ‘O Allaah, give sustenance to the family of Muhammad.’ (Saheeh Bukhari, Hadith: 6460)
Three. Satisfaction and Satisfaction: Being able to be satisfied and satisfied with the means of life that Allah has given is one of the achievements of life. Because dissatisfaction creates unlimited hunger and desire in people, which motivates people to adopt evil ways. Rasulullah (peace be upon him) used to pray for satisfaction in the life given by Allah. He used to pray, “O Allah, grant me the Tawfiq to be content with the sustenance which You have given me, bless me in it and preserve for me every missing good.” (Adabul Mufrad, Hadith: 6)
Satisfaction does not mean reluctance to act
Satisfaction with the God-given way of life does not mean aversion to action and improvement of life. Because just as Islam tells people to be content with God’s distribution, it also instructs them to earn a living. It has been said, “When the prayer is over, disperse in the land and seek the bounty of Allah.” (Surat al-Jumu’ah, verse 10)
Security of life in obedience to God
In the security of Allah there is peace and security of human life. Allah, the Exalted, says, “O you who believe, respond to Allah and His Messenger when they call upon you to give you life.” (Surat al-Anfal, 24)
In the interpretation of this verse, most of the commentators have said that the purpose of faith and Islam is by giving life. Because through him people get peace, security and respect in both worlds. Allama Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah be pleased with him) said, ‘Surely a good life is achieved by responding to the call of Allah and His Messenger. The life of one who fails to respond to their call is no life at all. His life is like that of an animal (without purpose and without welfare). ‘(Aaj-Jawul Munir Alat-Tafsir: 3/26)
The afterlife is the real life
Although Islam has created a bridge between this life and the hereafter, it has given priority to the eternal life in the hereafter. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘O Allaah, the Hereafter is the real life. So do good to the Ansar and the Muhajirs. ‘(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 6413). May Allah grant security and success to both in both worlds. Amen.
Author: Former Chief Scientific Officer
Bangladesh Jute Research Institute, Dhaka.