Protesters have called for the country to continue its “guerrilla-style” protests against the military’s takeover of Myanmar.
According to Reuters, various anti-coup groups are now trying to circumvent the Internet blackout by exchanging numbers with news alert providers through radio waves, offline Internet rules and mobile messaging.
“Tomorrow (Friday) we will leave flowers at the bus stops,” Khin Sadar, the leader of the protesters, wrote in a Facebook post. He said there would be more protests on the road in the coming days. Hit the guerrillas as much as possible. Join us.
Since the authorities imposed new restrictions, the country now has only fixed-line Internet service, and wireless broadband connectivity has been cut off. The military junta has not given any explanation to the telecom companies about the new order on the internet. Earlier, they banned mobile data to suppress the anti-coup movement.
The Rohingya continue to flee Myanmar’s Rakhine state in the face of widespread persecution. In this context let’s look at the tough fight with their adversity over the years.
Arakan (now Rakhine State) bordering Bangladesh is a province of Myanmar (formerly Burma). This strip of land on the east coast of the Bay of Bengal stretches from the Naf River bordering Chittagong to Cape Negris. Rakhine State is located between the Yuma Range of Arakan and the Bay of Bengal. The Yuma Range, which stretches from north to south, separates the province from the rest of Myanmar. The total area of Arakan is 13,540 square miles. Its population is about 20 lakhs. It is in this province that the politics and violence surrounding the Rohingya people and their identities have been circulating for centuries.
A group of South Asians called the Rohingya began living in the independent state of Arakan, now known as the Rakhine State of Myanmar (formerly Burma).
Ninth to fourteenth centuries
According to rumors, Rohingyas came in contact with Islam through Arab traders. A connection was established between Arakan and East Bengal.
King Anaorahta established the first single Burmese state in Pagan, and Theravada converted to Buddhism.
The Burmese king Bodaopaya occupied Arakan and the refugees settled in Bengal
Captain Hiram Cox was sent as an envoy to the court of the Burmese king in Rangoon to ensure British trade interests. It is said that by resettling the refugees in the area that became East Pakistan and later Bangladesh, Cox, he resolved the centuries-old conflict between Arakanese refugees and local Rakhine. He founded the city of Cox’s Bazar, where groups with ties to the Rohingya now live.
The Yandabo Treaty ended the First Anglo-Burmese War. According to him, Burma ceded the coastal area of Arakan between Chittagong and Cape Negris to British India.
Through the Second Anglo-Burmese War, the British annexed the lower part of Burma, including Rangoon.
Mandalay was occupied by the British after the Third Anglo-Burmese War. As a result, Burma became a province of British India.
According to the 1911 census, the Rohingyas are an ethnic group of Indian descent.
The Rohingyas were classified as Arakanese in the 1921 census
Britain separated Burma from India and transformed it into a royal colony.
Japan occupied Burma with the help of Japanese trained Burmese Freedom Fighters (BIA). When the British retreated, the Burmese nationalists began to attack the Muslims. They complained that Muslims had benefited from British colonial rule. The BIA later transformed into the anti-fascist People’s Liberation Organization (AFPFL) and resisted Japanese rule.
Britain liberated Burma from Japan with the help of Burmese nationalists and Rohingya fighters led by Aung San (Aung San Suu Kyi’s father). The Rohingyas feel betrayed again because the British did not keep their promise of autonomy in Arakan.